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Posted on January 12th, 2021

The urgency of their initial deployment was a product of the Beagle conflict, a territorial dispute and diplomatic crisis between Argentina and neighbouring Chile during that year. In response to the embargo, Israel decided to proceed with the venture, but to domestically manufacture the airframes instead. In response, the Argentine Air Force launched a major effort with a strike package consisting of A-4 Skyhawk, Canberra and Dagger aircraft escorted by a flight of Mirage III. [10], During 1969, IAI commenced manufacturing activity on the project. [9], The Neshers' airframe was identical to the Mirage 5, but there was an extensive refitting of Israeli-built avionics systems, along with the adoption of a Martin-Baker zero-zero ejection seat,[10] and improved provisions for a wider range of AAMs (Air-to-Air Missiles), including the Israeli Shafrir heat-seeking missile. Learn how your comment data is processed. Going into production in 1959, this aircraft, in late form, is still in service with several air forces to this day. The remaining aircraft were later upgraded into the Finger standard. The military dictatorship that governed the country at the time regarded the seizure of the Falklands as a political act to obtain a diplomatic bargaining position, and not as an act of war. Il n'a été construit qu'à 61 exemplaires, dont une partie a été revendue à l'Argentine au début des années 1980. [6][10], According to aviation authors Doug Dildy and Pablo Calcaterra, Dassault discreetly provided the jigs, fixtures, and a large quantity of airframe components to Israel via an industrial consortium of Israeli aerospace company Israel Aircraft Industries and American aviation firm North American Rockwell, who were claimed to have been sold a manufacturing licence in January 1968. The other Argentine aircraft—Dagger fighters and Pucará attack planes—suffered similar losses but inflicted less damage. After González, Lieutenant Bernhardt dropped his bomb hitting the upper part of the ship. His writing has appeared in The National Interest and other news media. C-436 Dagger This aircraft was received by Argentina on July 29th, 1981. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Publishing 35 years after the end of the conflict, this fully illustrated volume offers a balanced and objective examination of the SHAR and the Argentine Mirage and Dagger aircraft, highlighting the attributes of both and the skills and courage of the pilots flying them. The Israel Aircraft Industries Nesher (Hebrew: נשר, "griffon vulture" – often mistranslated as "eagle") was the Israeli version of the French Dassault Mirage 5 multirole fighter.[1]. It's 10 weeks into the Falklands War, and two British Harriers find themselves protecting damaged ships. [15], During 1974, production of the Nesher was phased out in favour of a more advanced Mirage derivative which had been planned in parallel to the Nesher. ©Dario Leone and The Aviation Geek Club, 2016. 30/No 4, August 2000, p. 48, Swiss Federal Court", "British Ships sunk and damaged - Falklands War 1982", "Dassault Mirage III & Mirage 5/Nesher in Israeli Service", "Dassault Mirage 5/Nesher in Service with the IDF/AF. Basado en el Dassault Mirage 5, de los que la Fuerza Aérea Israelí había ordenado 50 unidades en 1967. During 1978, Argentina urgently deployed their first Daggers due to the Beagle conflict, a territorial dispute and war scare between Argentina and neighbouring Chile. During May 1971, the first Raam A was delivered to the IAF. However, the programme was effectively derailed during January 1969 when, in response to the 1968 Israeli raid on Lebanon, the French government announced that it would be imposing an arms embargo on Israel and the "warring nations of the Middle East". [8], The embargo has been viewed as having been a considerable setback for the IAF, who had been keen to induct the new Mirage 5 variant to compensate for the losses incurred during the Six-Day War, the service was also continuing to use the Mirage IIIC, but found itself unable to access official support. The Argentine Air Force (Spanish: Fuerza Aérea Argentina, or simply FAA) is the national aviation branch of the Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic. During November 1971, the aircraft was officially renamed as the Nesher. [2] For the next two decades, it would be used as an air supremacy platform, securing the skies from hostile aircraft and achieving an impressive kill record during its service life. During May 1971, the first Raam A was delivered to the IAF. The IAF retired the type during the 1970s. Among the units which took part to the air raids there was also Escuadrón III Aeromóvil deployed to Naval Air Base Rio Grande in Southern Argentina and equipped with the Mirage 5A Dagger (how the FAA renamed its IAI Nasher examples purchased from Israel before the war). He has reported from Europe and flown Super Puma and Cougar helicopters with the Swiss Air Force. The pilot of the Dagger aircraft was First Lieutenant Jose Ardiles, cousin of international soccer player, Ossie Ardiles by then already living in the UK. Real aircraft 1982 pictures. A risky anti-ship mission conducted by the Argentinian Dagger fighters during the Falklands War. By the beginning of the decade, the Argentine Air Force was in the process of modernizing its fleet of combat aircraft. All rights reserved. Then Robles released his ordnance and he passed very low over the antenna of the ship while his was turning. Production deliveries continued until February 1974, by which point a total of 51 Nesher fighters and 10 Nesher two-seat trainers has been delivered to the IAF. caption = Argentine Air Force Dagger, Jujuy Airport, 1981 type = Multi-role fighter aircraft manufacturer = IAI first flight =1971 introduced =1972 retired = 1977 (Israel) number built … Mir González opened fire too with his guns and released his bomb 10m short from one of the ships, raising up a big wave that hit the hull of the vessel. As Robles explained in Santiago Rivas and Juan Carlos Cicalesi book, Latin American Mirages Mirage III/5/F.1/2000 in Service with South American Air Arms, “we flew along the hills until we found a small valley through which we could see the other side. In addition to preventing further deliveries, it also cut off all French support for operating the IAF's existing Mirage IIICJ fleet. Although the conflict was relatively brief, one consequence of the war was, as some of these systems were made by the British Marconi Electronic Systems, it became necessary to replace British-built systems after an arms embargo was imposed by the government of the United Kingdom. During the early 1962, the Israeli Air Force (IAF) introduced the first of its Dassault Mirage IIICJ fighter aircraft. There was a time when the Fuerza Aérea Argentina (Argentine Air Force) was considered to be one of the best Air Forces in Latin America, if not the world.Created into its own independent entity out of the Argentine Army in 1945, the Argentine Air Force began a massive modernization program which saw them becoming the first country in South America to operate jet aircraft. Dario Leone is an aviation, defense and military writer. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this blog contents without express and written permission from this site's author/owner is strictly prohibited. According to official accounts, Israel had already obtained a complete set of drawings and detailed information prior to the embargoes enactment. Welcome to The Aviation Geek Club, your new stopover aviation place. [20][21] In total, eleven Daggers were lost in combat, nine to AIM-9L Sidewinders fired from Sea Harriers, one by Broadsword Sea Wolf and another to the land-based surface to air missile Rapier. [6] Strategically, the embargo gave a major impetus for Israel to develop the capabilities of its own domestic arms industry in order to meet its demands. In the late 1970’s The Argentine air force bought 39 Nesher type aircraft from Israel, upgraded and renamed them ‘Dagger’s where they operated against Chile and then then United Kingdom in the 1982 Falklands war. Commence alors la coopération avec Dassault afin de construire le Mirage 5. During anti-ship attacks, they were responsible for damaging several vessels, including HMS Antrim, Brilliant, Broadsword, Arrow with cannon fire and Plymouth and Ardent with bombs. The principal difference of this derivative was the replacement of the Atar engine by an Israeli-built General Electric J79 engine. On Apr. “It was a Sea Harrier going for Captain Robles’ aircraft. During 1969, IAI commenced manufacturing work on the type. Having sustained aircraft losses during the Six-Day War of 1967 and the War of Attrition fought during the late 1960s, the Israeli Air Force (IAF) sought to procure an improved variant of the highly successful Dassault Mirage III fighter aircraft. Photo credit: Jorge Alberto Leonardi and Horacio Claria via Wikipedia, U.S. Navy and screenshot from from YouTube video. Despite initiating the war, Argentina had not prepared a plan for the subsequent defence of the islands. IAI Dagger (Argentine AF Falklands) (High Planes Models HPK072071) Kit 1/72 Category Aircraft Scale Modelling, Subcategory Aircraft Scale Modelling, Scale 1 : 72, ISBN/Box HPK072071, Publisher High Planes Models, Version injection New range of High tech … Almost simultaneously I saw fire in my mirror and immediately I felt the impact of a missile in my Dagger, which remained without controls,” 1st Lieutenant Luna, Argentine Air Force. [4] This product of this programme became known as the Mirage 5 and it was eventually built by Israel and named Raam in Hebrew (thunder). The air strikes conducted by Daggers and Skyhawks caused Ardent to sink the next day. ... Two Dagger A's of FAA Grupo 6 shot down north of Port Howard, West Falkland by Lt Thomas and a third by Cmdr Ward RN in No.801 Sea Harriers using Sidewinders (2.50 pm). On May 24th the following year, this machine piloted by Horacio Mir Gonzalez, participated with Escuadrilla Azul (blue Squadron) in the attack on Royal Navy ships off the Falkland Islands, using 500 kg bombs and receiving hits from AA fire. This book follows the standard format for Kagero 'Monograph' series and has great quality photos scattered throughout the text which includes colour aircraft profiles. [9] Dildy and Calcaterra claimed that detailed information on the aircraft's Atar engine was obtained via Swiss industrial manufacturer Sulzer, who had produced the engine for Switzerland's own Mirages; between these blueprints and possessing several Atar engines of the IAF's existing Mirages to reverse engineer, Israel was able to independently manufacture its own engines. [18][15] Following their withdrawal from service with the IAF, the majority of the remaining Neshers were refurbished and sold to Argentina, where the type was known as the Dagger.[17]. Almost simultaneously I saw fire in my mirror and immediately I felt the impact of a missile in my aircraft, which remained without controls. Dagger C410, shot down at 1500 by Sea Harrier ZA193, 1 fatality, wreckage on 1st Mt Pebble Dagger C419, 1415, by XZ457, no fatality, aircraft in sea Dagger C430, exactly as C419. During their anti-ship attacks, they were reportedly responsible for damaging several vessels, including HMS Antrim, Brilliant, Broadsword, Ardent, Arrow and Plymouth. [11] Officially, Israel manufactured the aircraft after having obtained a complete set of drawings. It contains alot of information on upgrades and changes to the Mirage as well as the transition from Nesher (Israel) to Dagger (Argentine… [19] During 1978, the Dagger was used to form a new unit, 6th Air Group; this unit was immediately enlisted with the support of the 8th Air Group (which operated the Mirage IIIEA) and the Peruvian Air Force, who was already an established user of the Mirage 5. In total, 51 Nesher fighters (Nesher S) and ten Nesher two-seat trainers (Nesher T) were constructed by IAI. In Argentine service, the type was operated under the name Dagger; at its height, Argentina operated a total of 35 Dagger A single-seat fighters and four Dagger B two-seat trainers. ®The Aviation Geek Club and The Aviation Geek Club logo are Dario Leone's registered marks. I left the stick and searched desperately for the upper ejection handle. According to aviation author Don McCarthy, it has been speculated that Israeli intelligence agency Mossad had played a role in obtaining some of the manufacturing information, while others allege that Dassault's founder, Marcel Dassault, may have freely provided design information. In addition, an arms race was emerging between Israel and several of its neighbours, such as Syria and Egypt, which were receiving increasingly advanced armaments from the Soviet Union during this time. Israël devait remplacer plus de 60 avions perdus pendant la guerre des Six Jours et la guerre d'usure qui l'a suivie. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. [24][25], Israel-built version of the Mirage 5 attack aircraft, Argentine air forces in the Falklands War, "Wing Magazine, Vol. During 1974, production of the Nesher was phased out in favour of a more advanced Mirage derivative which had been planned in parallel to the Nesher, known as the IAI Kfir. 44 Aircraft of all types were shot down by enemy fire. The reduced maneuverability of the type did not prevent the Nesher from performing well in air combat during the Yom Kippur War of 1973. Include Aircraft (c) Denis da Silva and sound, new air and Config files. While a partnership to produce such an aircraft, the Mirage 5, was formed between French manufacturer Dassault Aviation and Israeli aerospace company Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI), during January 1969, in response to the 1968 Israeli raid on Lebanon, the French government announced that it would be imposing an arms embargo on Israel. The numbers in bold are the number of aircraft engaged in combat without counting those in reserve, the numbers in brackets are the number of aircraft lost during the war. The Neshers' airframe was identical to the Mirage 5, but was refitted with Israeli-built avionics, a Martin-Baker zero-zero ejection seat, and provisions for a wider range of AAMs (Air-to-Air Missiles), including the Israeli Shafrir heat-seeking missile. Most were later sold to the Argentine Air Force as Daggers, and later upgraded as Fingers. The British aircraft were guided towards the Daggers by HMS Brilliant and once the Sea Harriers had the enemy fighters in sight, Frederiksen shot the Sidewinder that hit Luna who was then rescued by the islanders. A risky anti-ship mission conducted by the Argentinian Dagger fighters during the Falklands War. Daggers were also used during the 1982 Falklands War between Argentina and the United Kingdom, conducting a total of 153 sorties against both ground and naval targets across the 45 days of combat operations. ARGENTINE AIRCRAFT LOST. At 13.55 Cueca flight with Captain Mir González, Lieutenant Bernhardt and 1st Lieutenant Luna alongside Libra flight with Captains Cimatti and Robles took-off. 500 new profiles every month. During May 1971, the first Raam A was delivered to the IAF. Israel Aircraft Industries manufactured 51 single and ten two-seater Mirage 5s, the IDFAF named them Nesher; after an outstanding performance in the Yom Kippur War, most were sold to Argentina in the late 70s. IAI Dagger (Fuerza Aerea Argentina). Although the Dagger was superior in speed to the British Harrier jump jets it came up against, it was operating […] Accept Read More. The introduction of the more capable Kfir derivative had diminished the importance of the Nesher, and their involvement in offensive operations had resulted in the airframes having rapidly aged as well. In total, 11 Daggers were lost in combat with the British. Afterward he saw a missile heading toward Bernhardt’s Dagger who was able to avoid by turning to the right. We started the attack thinking ‘For Luna’!” As they were flying very low over the water, the British ships opened fire on them. I tried to climb and the aircraft turned upside down, I thought I would die. The high point of the Nesher's career with the IAF occurred during the Yom Kippur War of 1973. The Air Force's history begins with the establishment of the Argentine Army Aviation's Escuela de Aviación Militar (Military Aviation School) on 10 August 1912. Dassault had pursued the development of the Mirage 5 at the request of the Israelis, who were the main foreign customers of the Mirage III and generally favoured France as a military supplier during this era. Argentine FAA Skyhawks suffered heavily ... Dagger A of FAA Grupo 6 shot down near Fanning Head by Sea Cat fired by HMS Argonaut or Plymouth, or more likely Sea Wolf from HMS Broadsword (10.30 am). Fighter-bomber plane. The type reportedly performed well during the conflict, IAF pilots flying the type cumulatively claimed over a hundred kills. But the bad weather forced the Argentine pilots to get through the valley one by one and Luna was the last. The IAI Nesher was an Israeli modification of the French Dassault HOW ARGENTINE AIR FORCE DAGGER FIGHTERS SEVERELY DAMAGED HMS ARDENT DURING THE FALKLANDS WAR. In response to the French decision, Israel decided to domestically manufacture the airframes (known as Raam A and B project);[9] reportedly, Israel already possessed the necessary schematics and documentation on the aircraft, although Israel did not officially obtain a manufacturing license from Dassault. After the first sorties flew in the morning of May 21 that failed to cause any serious damage to the British ships, a second wave of attacks were launched in the afternoon. [2] During the late 1960s, the IAF came under pressure to acquire additional aircraft for the purpose of replacing in excess of 60 combat aircraft that had been lost during several conflicts between Israel and its neighbours, including the Six-Day War of 1967 and the War of Attrition which followed immediately and continued up to 1970. The high point of the Nesher's career with the IAF was during the 1973 Yom Kippur War. The aircraft were later sold to the Argentine Air Force, where they were operated under the name Dagger. Despite the lack of an aerial refuelling capability and the considerable distance to their targets the type conducted 153 sorties against both ground and naval targets over the 45 days of combat operations. However, some sources have alternatively claimed that Israel had received 50 Mirage 5s in a disassembled state and shipped in crates directly from the French Air Force (AdA), while the AdA proceeded to take on the 50 aircraft which had originally been intended for Israeli service. While Israel Aircraft Industries claimed to have built the plane, it may be the aircraft was secretly built by the French firm, Dassault Aviation. During November 1971, the aircraft received its official name of Nesher. AIRCRAFT LOSSES BRITISH AND ARGENTINE FALKLANDS WAR written by Tony McNally. [23] The program, which was named Finger, was already underway in 1982 when the Falklands War broke out. No details of who was flying the aircraft though. Israel Aircraft Industries Dagger/Finger Monoplaza caza bombardero desarrollado por Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) a principios de los años ´70 del pasado siglo. The corresponding work to replace such systems led to the planes being modified to the final Finger IIIB standard; this model primarily differed from the original Finger standard in the replacement of British-sourced equipment, often using French-built counterparts from Thomson-CSF. Color and marking are like real one in 1982 during the Malvinas War.The panel in this version correspond to a Dagger modified after 1982. During 1978, Argentina urgently deployed their first Daggers due to the Beagle conflict, a territorial dispute and war scare between Argentina and neighbouring Chile. The majority of Israel's Neshers were sold to the Argentine Air Force (FAA), and renamed Dagger. Several military officers were amongst the pioneers of Argentine aviation, including Jorge Newbery, a retired Argentine Navyofficer. [10] Reportedly, the first bare airframes, featuring no weapons, electronics, ejection seat, or engine included, had been delivered directly from Dassault in France. Role: Fighter/Fighter-Attack. Launched in 2016 by Dario Leone, an Italian lifelong - aviation geek, this blog is the right place where you can share your passion and meet other aviation enthusiasts from all over the world. [6][4][12][13][14] During September 1969, the first Nesher prototype performed its maiden flight.

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