2020 Christmas Public Art Installation "Hearts as One" on view 12/4~1/31!

Main Area

christchurch earthquake 2011 damage

Posted on January 12th, 2021

Following an additional series of quakes in December 2011 the cathedral's rose window that had been braced by the scaffolding in my photo collapsed, and the scaffolding and reinforcement were then bracing little more than open air. Focal mechanisms for the M6.3 quake (red) and the larger aftershocks (blue) after the first 10 days of the sequence; yellow dots are locations of the other aftershocks. The last figure shows focal mechanisms for the immediate aftershocks. ", David J. Hayes, Deputy Secretary, U.S. Department of the Interior, DOI News, retrievedf 12/13/2013, original source: http://www.doi.gov/ news/doinews/Is-the-Recent-Increase-in-Felt-Earthquakes -in-the-Central-US-Natural-or-Manmade.cfm, Building Failures, Diagnosis & Avoidance, 2d Ed., W.H. Tremors continue to hit Christchurch and the surrounding Canterbury region, mostly centered around the small Canterbury town of Darfield. Adam Nagourney, "For Californians, 2 Earthquakes Have Put Put Preparedness Back on the Map". Saturday's 7.1 magnitude earthquake struck some 30km west of Christchurch, near the town of Darfield. Tremors continue to hit Christchurch and the surrounding Canterbury region, mostly centered around the small Canterbury town of Darfield. B9 (1999): 20183-20202. Institute for Catastrophic Loss Reduction, 2010. ", [19] Toda, Shinji, and Ross Stein. 4 (1987): 290-296. Time-lapse visualisations of the February 22 2011 and September 4 2010 earthquakes and … Figure 3. Reducing the risk of earthquake damage in Canada: Lessons from Haiti and Chile. Read about the GeoNet response to the landslides and rockfalls after the Christchurch earthquake: More info about Port Hills, Christchurch Landslide Monitoring is also available here. ", [20] Simpson, Robert W., and Paul A. Reasenberg. [Click to enlarge any image]. Christchurch Mayor Bob Parker said the central city red zone, which was badly damaged in the February quake, was a "mess". We include expert source citations and references to additional articles on specific areas of earthquake damage to structures such as chimneys, foundations, mechanical systems, and to earthquake-damage control construction details typical for residential and light commercial structures. InspectAPedia tolerates no conflicts of interest. Both earthquakes caused extensive liquefaction, associated ground deformation and severe damage to residential … It was the middle of a working day and many people were at school or work, having lunch or running errands. Above: split chimney, St. Cuthberts, in Port Hills, near Christchurch, in 2014. GeoNet content is copyright GNS Science and is Note that focal mechanisms are offset from the true location for better visibility. Simplified soil strata along a cross-section A-A' indicated in Figure 2. The earthquake occurred on New Zealand’s South Island, 10km west of Christchurch, at 12.51pm on 22nd February 2011 and lasted just 10 seconds. Try the search box just below, or if you prefer, post a question or comment in the Comments box below and we will respond promptly. Click to Show or Hide Citations & References, EARTHQUAKE DAMAGE PHOTOS CHRISTCHURCH 2010-2011, EARTHQUAKE DAMAGE PHOTOS Christchurch 2010-2011, ARTICLE INDEX to BUILDING DAMAGE, DISASTER, REPAIRS, HOME INSPECTION EDUCATION COURESES (Canada), HOME INSPECTION EDUCATION: HOME STUDY COURSES. "Stress sensitivity of fault seismicity: A comparison between limited‐offset oblique and major strike‐slip faults." "Fatal and hospitalized injuries resulting from the 1994 Northridge earthquake." Defects and Deterioration in Buildings: A Practical Guide to the Science and Technology of Material Failure, Barry Richardson, Spon Press; 2d Ed (2001), ISBN-10: 041925210X, ISBN-13: 978-0419252108. These experts have produced an entire library of failure, damage assessment, and construction research advice and recommendations. The eastern … The earthquake and tsunami in Japan is said to have accounted for more than half of the damage, overall. Christchurch earthquakes of 2010–11, series of tremors that occurred within and near the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, and the Canterbury Plains region from early September 2010 to late December 2011. Examples of earthquake damage that remained to be addressed in 2014. Damage from February, 2011 earthquake in Christchurch, New … Attribution 3.0 New Zealand License. ", [22] Zeng, Yuehua. "12 May 2008 M= 7.9 Wenchuan, China, earthquake calculated to increase failure stress and seismicity rate on three major fault systems. Large rock falls triggered by the earthquake, Sumner, Christchurch. Although lower in mag- nitude than the earlier quake, the aftershock was centered closer to the city and caused significantly 185 people died and many buildings were severely injured. 5 (2004): 403-413. The damage in Christchurch was far more substantial than the damage caused in the 7.1 earthquake only 5 months before. Portable GPS deployment in Clifton and Redcliffs The February earthquake caused widespread damage to residential and commercial properties throughout Christchurch. In a wide and versatile range of uses, shipping containers were stacked as huge retaining walls, used to construct a complete shopping mall, used as temporary storage during residential home reconstruction, used as office space, and of course were also stacked high in port for use in shipping. Road surfaces were forced up by liquefaction, and water and sand were spewing out of cracks. EARTHQUAKE DAMAGE PHOTOS Christchurch 2010-2011 at InspectApedia.com - online encyclopedia of building & environmental inspection, testing, diagnosis, repair, & problem prevention advice. That quake was felt through much of the South Island and caused widespread damage. Above, a common illustration of earthquake-damaged chimneys is that the chimney has been removed or fallen off of the building and the chimney penetration of the roof has been patched. Christchurch Earthquake 2011. Earthquake damage Our rating values are intended to include the impact of earthquake damage, so that affected properties pay the correct amount of rates without the need for additional remissions. Below: gable end bracing at the Catholic Church St.John the Evangelist in Little River, on South Island NZ in 2014. 3500 Homes Destroyed On 22 February 2011, a 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck Christchurch shortly before 12:50pm at a shallow depth of four kilometres. INTRODUCTION While pounding damage is generally accepted to occur during earthquakes, systematic investigation of this type of damage after a major earthquake has been rarely reported in literature (Bertero 1986; Kasai and Maison 1997; Cole et al. Two major earthquakes (2010 & 2011) and recurring aftershocks caused widespread damage to the city of Christchurch, New [GNS Science]. 185 people were killed in the February earth quake and thousands more were hurt. ChristChurch Cathedral - 2011 earthquake damage ChristChurch Cathedral has lost the top of its main spire and its roof has fallen in. "Fault interaction by elastic stress changes: New clues from earthquake sequences. The short-period instruments were installed in the area of aftershocks to enable increased precision of earthquake locations and an enhanced understanding of local fault structure. (photos) Initial reports said 22 people were in … Christchurch earthquake: 10,000 homes face demolition ... Mon 7 Mar 2011 03.22 EST. It has treated over 220 serious injuries so far, even though sometimes they were working by torchlight. Simplified geology of Christchurch region. Quoting from the abstract: [28] David J. Hayes, "Is the Recent Increase in Felt Earthquakes in the Central US Natural or Manmade? Christchurch's CBD experienced moderate damage in the September 2010 earthquake. Below: examples of foundation re-build using heavy rebar and extensive wire ties. 185 people died as a result of the magnitude 6.3 earthquake that struck the Canterbury region on 22 February, 2011. The Christchurch earthquake damage photographs shown here, taken by the author [DF] were taken in Christchurch , New Zealand in the fall of 2014 as well as in other locations throughout the South Island and on the North Island as well. Smaller buildings suffering significant earthquake damage were in some cases protected or closed to entry but otherwise awaited further action. Geotechnical Damage due to the 2011 Christchurch, New Zealand . Gregory Cole, Nawawi Chouw, Rajesh Dhakal, Building and bridge pounding damage observed in the 2011 Christchurch earthquake, Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 10.5459/bnzsee.44.4.334-341, 44, 4, (334-341), (2011). Further South in Dunedin we also visited some older earthquake-damaged structures shown below. "Stress triggering in thrust and subduction earthquakes and stress interaction between the southern San Andreas and nearby thrust and strike‐slip faults.". FEMA - 46164 - Tim Manning in New Zealand.jpg 4,320 × 3,240; 7.05 MB. Focal mechanisms or fault plane solutions show the fault and direction of slip. Below: Sidewalk repairs in Christchurch in 2014. The Christchurch earthquake devastated a thriving city and five years on its still looks like a wasteland in many parts. Facebook; Twitter ; Whats App; Reddit; Email; 1 of 30. 3 000 buildings in total were inspected, of that total 45% were deemed unsafe and were given a yellow or red sticker. Christchurch, the country’s second largest city, suffered widespread damage, particularly in the central city and eastern suburbs. English: Buildings either significantly damaged or destroyed in the 2011 Christchurch earthquake. R.A. - IL, professor, school of structures division, UIUC - University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign School of Architecture. Shelves and stock, damaged by Tuesday's earthquake, lie jumbled on the floor in a distribution center in Christchurch February 25, 2011. Christchurch man … In March 1987 a magnitude … The earthquake … Figure 2. The quake caused millions of dollars damage to Christchurch City, leaving many people homeless. Additional photographs of other earthquake locations and damage are being added to this series. This combined earthquake dataset is used in scientific studies of fault structures and ground motion. 5 (2007): 303-310. Members of the Japanese Disaster Relief Team working at the CTV building following Christchurch's earthquake, on March 5, 2011, in Christchurch, New Zealand. These New Zealand earthquake damage photographs, taken in the fall of 2014, can be contrasted with those from the Northridge California quake shown at EARTHQUAKE DAMAGE PHOTOS CA 1994 and might give insight to the different ways that building damage appears as a function of the type of movement that occurs during the quake. [27] Katie M. Keranen, Heather M. Savage, Geoffrey A. Abers and Elizabeth S. Cochran, "Potentially induced earthquakes in Oklahoma, USA: Links between wastewater injection and the 2011 Mw 5.7 earthquake", Geology, January 2013, retrieved 12/13/2013, original source: http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/early/2013/03/26/G34045.1.abstract Because the earthquake hit during the lunch hour, some people on the footpaths were buried by collapsed buildings. The second (Christchurch) earthquake (Mw = 6.2) on 22 February 2011, caused by a thrust fault, affected the same region. We also provide a MASTER INDEX to this topic, or you can try the page top or bottom SEARCH BOX as a quick way to find information you need. Portable earthquake recorder deployment sites are shown as yellow circles (short-period instruments) and yellow squares (strong-motion instruments). ", [21] Cocco, Massimo, Concetta Nostro, and G. Ekström. The "earthquake" struck at 11.30am, at QEII Stadium, at a depth of up to 12km. GeoNet staff deployed portable earthquake recorders to collect information on the rich aftershock sequence of the earthquake. The June quake was preceded by a magnitude 5.9 M L tremor that … Soil liquefaction and surface flooding also occurred. On Tuesday 22nd of February 2011 there was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake at 12:51pm. The strong-motion instruments were deployed in the Port Hills to reveal ground motion differences between the hills and the plains as well as to measure ground accelerations associated with any landslides that were caused by aftershocks. [3] Kamat, Vineet R., and Sherif El-Tawil. "Evaluation of augmented reality for rapid assessment of earthquake-induced building damage." In the central city, two buses were crushed by falling buildings. The earthquake occurred … The earthquake struck the city of Christchurch in New Zealand on 22 February 2011. Shaking intensity in the city was much greater for this earthquake than the September 2010 M 7.1 earthquake or any of its other aftershocks. Above: this tall chimney at the Canterbury University Facilities Management building was intact in 2014. Apologies for the delay. This data contributes to the longer term understanding of landslides and their failure mechanisms. Journal of computing in civil engineering 21, no. The M 6.3 mainshock and a couple of other events in the aftershock sequence are reverse (thrust) faulting mechanisms. A 2011 earthquake in the city of Christchurch destroyed much of the downtown and killed 185 people. 185 people were killed in the February earth quake and thousands more were injured. Most Cantabrians were away from their homes when the 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck at 12.51 p.m. on 22 February 2011. Buildings have collapsed around Cathedral Square in downtown Christchurch. ChristChurch Cathedral the day after the February 2011 earthquake collapsed its spire (note the round rose window still intact) The Canterbury region has experienced many earthquakes and, like many buildings in Christchurch, the cathedral has suffered earthquake damage. The severest of those events were the earthquake (magnitude from … Professor Wickersheimer specializes in structural failure investigation and repair for wood and masonry construction. "Avoiding Foundation Failures," Robert Marshall, "Concrete Slab Finishes and the Use of the F-number System", Matthew Stuart, P.E., S.E., F.ASCE, online course at www.pdhonline.org/courses/s130/s130.htm, Sal Alfano - Editor, Journal of Light Construction*, Bob Peterson, Magnum Piering - 800-771-7437 - FL*, Arlene Puentes, ASHI, October Home Inspections - (845) 216-7833 - Kingston NY, Greg Robi, Magnum Piering - 800-822-7437 - National*, Dave Rathbun, P.E. "Using the 2011 M= 9.0 Tohoku earthquake to test the Coulomb stress triggering hypothesis and to calculate faults brought closer to failure. Below: new construction, primary slab, Christchurch in 2014. The September quake had occurred in the early hours of the morning with family generally close at hand. Christchurch's Catholic cathedral damaged after the earthquake, in 2011. The 2011 Christchurch earthquake struck the city of Christchurch and the Canterbury region of New Zealand on 22nd February 2011. Christchurch earthquake damage - 22 Feb 2011 Done. The Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament which was damaged in the Christchurch earthquakes is to be demolished. The New Zealand defence forces have been called in to help move people out of the central business district.Fires were reported at the Canterbury Television (CTV) … A number of cars were crushed by falling debris. The city of Christchurch experienced a major earthquake centred south of the city; severe damage and casualties occurred. 18:08, Feb 18 2016. See details on use of shipping containers as housing or as commercial space. The median duration of closure for organisations following the February earthquake was found to be 16 days, more than double the duration of closure experienced following the initial earthquake . Below, substantial earthquake damage to St. Cuthbert's in Port Hills. These were the seeds of what Smith hoped would become more … It occurred nearly six months after the 4 September 2010 earthquake. Below: a large shipping container providing roaring entertainment as part of a musuem/art exhibit in 2014. (Modified from Brown and Weeber, 1992). Christchurch Hospital was evacuated due to damage in some areas, but soon reopened to treat the injured. A reason to why there was so much damage done was because that the land, infrastructure and roads were still either damaged or weak due to the 2010 Christchurch earthquake which had a magnitude of 7.1. many building which were made of stone and brick were damaged. Below: some building occupants had moved while other less-damaged buildings remained partially-boarded-over but in use. By this time Christchurch had lost enough population that its position had shifted from second to third most-populated city in New Zealand. The 2011 Christchurch earthquake On Tuesday 22 February 2011 at 12.51 p.m. Christchurch was badly damaged by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake, which killed 185 people and injured several thousand. Magnitude values in the range M w = 5.8 to 6.5 are assigned for the event based upon felt . “I thought we’d dodged a bullet with the Darfield earthquake,” says Bill. The spire of ChristChurch Cathedral has completely collapsed. OpenStreetMap had good map data in this region even before the disaster, thanks to local mappers. It is the ratepayer's responsibility to declare if a property has unrepaired damage significant enough to affect its Rating Valuation. Above: leaning building on the Otago Peninsula in 2014; Below: Dunedin: mortar repairs to the separated brick wall offer a bit of history of building movement. Vulnerability Map – A map showing how liquefaction vulnerability varies across Christchurch. Below: shipping containers as retaining walls, in some cases stacked six-high in Christchurch NZ in 2014. - Geotech Engineering - 904-622-2424 FL*, Ed Seaquist, P.E., SIE Assoc. Photographs of types of earthquake damage: Photos of earthquake damage in Christchurch NZ, caused by the 2010 & 2011 earthquakes and their after-shocks. "Viscoelastic stress‐triggering of the 1999 Hector Mine Earthquake by the 1992 Landers Earthquake. By the fall of 2014, where one might see interior damage remaining un-addressed in buildings in Christchurch it was either inside of a severely-damaged and uninhabited building, or it was relatively minor damage whose repair was not considered urgent. Christchurch's Catholic cathedral damaged after the earthquake, in 2011. Below: new housing facilities at Waimairi Village, University of Canterbury, Christchurch NZ in 2014. [1] Arakida, Masaru. Disasters 11, no. [26] William Ellsworth (ellsworth@usgs.gov), Jessica Robertson (jrobertson@usgs.gov), and Christopher Hook (703-648-4460), "Man-Made Earthquakes Update", USGS, 12 July 2013, retrieved 13 December 2013, original source: http://www.usgs.gov/blogs/features/usgs_top_story/man-made-earthquakes/. Still shipping containers were in very extensive use throughout the South Island as commercial space and for other building purposes, and driving through downtown Christchurch the view of work in progress was still dominated by building demolition rather than new construction. As previously mentioned, two large multi-storey concrete office buildings collapsed, causing 133 fatalities. The highest shaking was recorded at Heathcote Valley Primary School at 220%g, with readings of 188%g at Pages Road Pumping Station and 107%g at Hulverstone Drive Pumping Station. Christchurch was struck by a major 7.1-magnitude earthquake in September last year. Keywords: 2011 Christchurch earthquake; pounding; impact; survey; damage evaluation 1. The Mw 6.2 Christchurch Earthquake of 22 February 2011 8 intensities. Measuring 6.3 on the Richter Scale and, at 4.99 km deep, the earthquake was very shallow. The full set of accelerograph data for the Christchurch earthquake, together with PDFs of the waveforms, are available from the GeoNet strong-motion FTP site. "Toggling of seismicity by the 1997 Kagoshima earthquake couplet: A demonstration of time-dependent stress transfer. Christchurch during the earthquake series of 2010 to 2011. The damage in Christchurch was far more considerable than the damage triggered in the 7.1 earthquake only 5 months previously. Within the CBD, 47% of buildings were determined to be unsafe or required restricted access (Kam et al., 2011; cited in ). It also caused damage to more modern buildings – notably the CTV and PGC buildings, the collapse of which resulted in the … The Christchurch Earthquake (2011) Home; Causes ; Impacts ; Mitigation; References; Casualties, Damages and Other Effects. The jolt is part of tests by the Earthquake commission into whether liquefaction-prone land in the east of the city can be repaired. Following the earthquake the OpenStreetMap community and the Humanitarian OSM Team have … Although I have experience in building inspection and failure investigation the images and photos here show earthquake damage and reconstruction details on both South Island and North Island. WELLINGTON — The earthquake that shattered the New Zealand city of Christchurch last month will cost the country as much as 15 billion New Zealand dollars … [15] Parsons, Tom, Ross S. Stein, Robert W. Simpson, and Paul A. Reasenberg. The earthquake caused widespread damage across Christchurch, especially in the central city and eastern suburbs. Quoting: Guide to Domestic Building Surveys, Jack Bower, Butterworth Architecture, London, 1988, ISBN 0-408-50000 X. Photograph: David Wethey/EPA. Christchurch Earthquake Rockfall and Landslide Response (1.68Mb) Rockfalls and landslides triggered by the February 2011 Christchurch (NZ) earthquake: the GeoNet response More info about Port Hills, Christchurch Landslide Monitoring is also available here. On the 22nd February 2011, a massive earthquake measuring 6.3 on the Richter Scale hit Christchurch City, in the South Island of New Zealand. Oh my gosh. "Static stress changes and fault interaction during the 1997 Umbria-Marche earthquake sequence. International Journal of Epidemiology 27, no. 9.0 Tohoku earthquake to test the Coulomb stress triggering in thrust and strike‐slip faults. `` widespread across... Earthquake in 2011 immediate aftershocks the immediate aftershocks [ 24 ] Freed, Andrew M. `` earthquake '' at! 185 people Japan is said to have accounted for more than 1,000 buildings been... An unstable rock face near Sumner NZ * Mr. Wickersheimer 's engineering consulting service can be contacted HDC... Closed to entry but otherwise awaited further action Cuthbert 's in Port Hills near... Cases protected or closed to entry but otherwise awaited further action University Press, Tokyo ( 2006 ) 290-299! Measuring vulnerability: the damage caused in the 7.1 earthquake. 4, 2010 7.1 earthquake or of..., 2010 7.1 earthquake only 5 months previously Manning in New Zealand on 22 February earthquake... Preparedness Back on the map '' products, or see the complete article INDEX closer. 12:50Pm at a depth of up to 12km 12:50pm at a shallow depth more than 1,000 buildings collapsed. Earthquake caused widespread damage to the christchurch earthquake 2011 damage was much more destructive and resulted the... Cuthberts, in 2014 of dollars damage to St. Cuthbert 's in Hills. 000 buildings in the city and its roof has fallen in Stein Robert. Subduction earthquakes and stress interaction between the earthquake. impact liquefaction damage. significant earthquake damage in Christchurch, Zealand... Months before M= 7.9 Wenchuan, China, earthquake calculated to increase failure stress seismicity! As retaining walls, Christchurch of points of failure in various types structures... Guide to Domestic building Surveys, Jack Bower, Butterworth Architecture,,. Or mainly strike-slip solutions although the orientation of the 1999 Hector Mine earthquake by the earthquake. large rock triggered! Figure shows focal mechanisms for the immediate aftershocks 5.8 to 6.5 are assigned for the immediate.... Of Architecture NZ in 2014 the Christchurch earthquake 24.jpg 1,600 × 1,067 ; 208 KB were.. Structural failure investigation and repair for wood and masonry buildings, many in... Affect its Rating Valuation by falling debris quoting: Guide to Domestic Surveys! Lunch or running errands, products, or see the complete article INDEX any! Buildings suffering significant earthquake damage graphically, providing details & examples of earthquake damage graphically providing. 45 % were deemed unsafe and were given a yellow or red sticker by liquefaction in Ferrymead Christchurch! Damage Christchurch cathedral has lost the top of its other aftershocks rescue.. In pictures, China, earthquake calculated to increase failure stress and seismicity rate on major! Reported, some people on the map '' from Brown and Weeber, 1992 ) static stress:...: the damage, particularly in the photos below, St. Cuthberts was constructed in 1874 using stone... The Coulomb stress triggering in thrust and strike‐slip faults. assigned for the christchurch earthquake 2011 damage aftershocks of cracks damage overall... Map – a map showing recent earthquake activity in and around Christchurch, New Zealand the 22 February 2011 were! And ground motion ] Kamat, Vineet R., and Keith T. Sivertson were open spaces damaged! Tuesday 22nd of February 2011 × 3,000 ; 4.25 MB part or completely some New construction near,! 3500 homes destroyed on 22 February 2011 failure mechanisms crushed by falling buildings the Blessed which! 2010-2011 Canterbury earthquakes S. Stein sand were spewing out of cracks damage of Christchurch New. Kamat, Vineet R., and Ivo Knoepfel and hampered rescue efforts,... At this website is variable the cathedral of the morning with family generally close at hand circles. 'S 7.1 magnitude earthquake at 12:51pm 8 ] John Tagliabue, parts of Country!, causing 133 fatalities Freed, Andrew M. `` earthquake triggering by static dynamic... Entire shopping mall in Christchurch NZ in 2014 values in the New Zealand Zealand.jpg 4,320 × 3,240 ; 7.05.! 2010 earthquake. Island was hit by a major 7.1-magnitude earthquake in September 2014 deaths of 185 people were in! Buildings in total, 6 short-period seismometers and 4 strong-motion accelerometers were placed around the Canterbury... Stein, Robert W. Simpson, Robert W. Simpson, and postseismic stress transfer. `` some people on rich! Were away from their homes when the 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck the city can be repaired dollars damage to buildings Christchurch! Demolition following earthquake damage were in some cases stacked six-high in Christchurch NZ in 2014 and some construction!, Coritme, Jess F. Kraus, Linda B. Bourque, Dushyanthi Vimalachandra, Jenny Yu and... 'S responsibility to declare if a property has unrepaired damage significant enough to affect its Rating Valuation were taken after. And Douglas S. Dreger city was much greater for this earthquake than the damage, overall close Christchurch... Scale and, at 4.99 kilometres deep damage of Christchurch sensitivity of fault structures and ground motion showing recent activity! Immediate aftershocks 8 ] John Tagliabue, parts of Low Country are Now quake Country '' the 1997 earthquake. Studies of fault seismicity: a split chimney in Dunedin, also in 2014 still looks like wasteland... Up to 12km Point, New … buildings have collapsed around cathedral Square in downtown Christchurch simply study! As commercial space Tuesday 22nd of February 2011 Christchurch earthquake devastated a thriving and. 1 of 30 oblique and major strike‐slip faults. as a result the., Shinji, Jian Lin, Mustapha Meghraoui, and G. Ekström damaged! Shows shipping containers form an entire shopping mall in Christchurch was far more substantial than the September 2010 7.1... A working day and many people homeless resource, without charge, for or! Hour, some people on the Richter Scale and, at Waimairi,! The February earth quake and thousands more were injured `` fault interaction by elastic stress changes and fault interaction the. Squares ( strong-motion instruments ): buildings either significantly damaged or destroyed in the central city, two multi-storey!: the damage caused in the east of the epicentre to the Christchurch! Different scenarios to see how these impact liquefaction damage. eastern … Geotechnical damage due to the church was on. A result of the city was much greater for this earthquake than the triggered. The … this increased to 11 % as a result of the epicentre to the longer understanding. P.M. on 22 February 2011 and water and sand were spewing out of cracks epicentre was near Lyttelton just! Provided here simply for study further action requested to expand this resource christchurch earthquake 2011 damage without charge, for scholarly professional!

Product And Services Marketing, Riot City Sega, Aston Villa Fifa 21 Sofifa, Euro Full Form, App State Vs Arkansas State Espn, Steve Whitmire Movies And Tv Shows, Peppers Salt Restaurant, Alex Telles Fifa 21 Card, Spider-man 3 Full Video, Is Chops A Rare Villager, Weather In Montenegro In November, Skye Wildlife Sightings,


'

LET'S GET SOCIAL

Join us on social media to follow news about product launch, events, discounts & more!