meaning of platonic love
Posted on January 12th, 2021
• When I talk about love affairs, I also include platonic love affairs. Dynamics of vision in Plato's thought. Originally, Plato’s view was directed towards same-sex relationships (sexual or not), but as time passed, our definition of platonic love has shifted. • In the novel, Edward and Susannah present a perfect model of platonic love. Socrates defines love based on separate classifications of pregnancy (to bear offspring); pregnancy of the body, pregnancy of the soul, and direct connection to Being. The desirous soul is not yet in fruition of the good. The Sacral Chakra, also known as the Swadishthan Chakra, represents Joy, well being and emotion. Of particular importance is the speech of Socrates, who attributes to the prophetess Diotima an idea of platonic love as a means of ascent to contemplation of the divine. , "Platonic love in its modern popular sense is an affectionate relationship into which the sexual element does not enter, especially in cases where one might easily assume otherwise. If a guy and a girl hang out all the time but aren't boyfriend and girlfriend, they'd describe their friendship as platonic. Watch Queue Queue. A more spiritual form of the same craving for eternity is the aspiration to win immortal fame by combining with a kindred soul to give birth to sound institutions and rules of life. ", Miller, P. A. [according to whom?] Platonic love is a type of love that is chaste and non-sexual. The term is named after Plato, who philosophised about the nature of love. It brought about the best in both people. , "So this is how I assert that Eros is the oldest, most honorable, and most competent of the gods with regard to the acquisition of virtue and happiness by human beings both when living and dead. , "[...] decent human beings must be gratified, as well as those that are not as yet decent, so that they might become more decent; and the love of the decent must be preserved. • Lovely platonic evenings, the odd kiss and fumble? According to Diotima in her discussion with Socrates, for anyone to achieve the final rung in the Ladder of Love, they would essentially transcend the body and rise to immortality—gaining direct access to Being. Clearly, today this is no longer completely the case. Platonic definition, of, relating to, or characteristic of Plato or his doctrines: the Platonic philosophy of ideal forms. For Plato, love aims at beautiful and good things, because this brings happiness. Platonic friendship specifically refers to friendship between two people who could, in theory, feel attracted to each other. Omissions? , "... virtue for the Greeks means self-sameness ... in Plato's terms, Being or idea. Two Meanings of platonic Virtue is the result of pregnancy of the soul. Learn more. 1 : love conceived by Plato as ascending from passion for the individual to contemplation of the universal and ideal. Sometimes, the connection is even greater.  This definition varies considerably from the modern English interpretation of the term, where virtue equates to that which is good, positive, or benevolent. It is the use of the word love that directs us towards a deeper relationship than the scope of a normal friendship. Platonic relationships or feelings of affection do not involve sex. “And those who only know the non-platonic love have no need to talk of tragedy. In its crudest form, love for a beautiful person is really a passion to beget offspring by that person and so to attain, by the perpetuation of one’s stock, the substitute for immortality which is all the body can achieve. A word has synonyms as well as antonyms. attraction towards beautiful form or body but transcends gradually to love for Supreme Beauty. Real platonic love is stronger and more meaningful than romantic or sexual love. "(106), In short, with genuine platonic love, the beautiful or lovely other person inspires the mind and the soul and directs one's attention to spiritual things. But, at the same time, physical touch in the form of hugs, or reassuring touches, is important in a relationship. Each step closer to the truth further distances love from beauty of the body toward love that is more focused on wisdom and the essence of beauty. According to Plato, there are different stages of appreciation and love that a person must go through if he feels inclined to experience the ultimate and divine love, named ‘The Beautiful’. Thus it resonates with the Icosahedron. The step of this ascent is known as the "Ladder of Love". To put it simply, platonic love refers to a form of love that is not sexual. The real meaning of love in a relationship is to willfully compromise your needs in order to accommodate your partner’s needs or desires. That’s why when we use the term in daily life, we talk about it as a non-romantic love you have for a friend, which obviously means it’s non-sexual, too. See more. These two extremes of love are seen by the Greeks in terms of tragedy and comedy. Originally, Platonic love was love that was not vulgar, meaning it wasn’t centered on lust or fulfilling carnal needs. A platonic relationship or emotion is loving but not sexual: 2. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. , Diotima considers the idea of a mortal having direct access to Being to be a comic situation simply because of the impossibility of it. (2013). Watch this video to understand the same. Platonic definition is - of, relating to, or characteristic of Plato or Platonism. The offspring of true virtue would essentially lead to a mortal achieving immortality.. This is the celebrated Platonic Love, which, from having originally meant a communion of two souls, and that in a rigidly dialectical sense, has been degraded to the expression of maudlin sentiment between the sexes. Virtue, according to Greek philosophy, is the concept of how closely reality and material form equate with the ideal, true essence of an idea, such as beauty. Platonic love definition, love of the Idea of beauty, seen as terminating an evolution from the desire for an individual and the love of physical beauty to the love and contemplation of … Some modern authors' perception of the terms "virtue" and "good" as they are translated into English from the Symposium are a good indicator of this misunderstanding. In the Middle Ages arose a new interest in Plato, his philosophy and his view of love. For Diotima, and for Plato generally, the most correct use of love of human beings is to direct one's mind to love of divinity. Still more spiritual is the endeavour, in association with chosen minds, to enrich philosophy and science with noble discourses and thoughts. The immediate object of the Symposium—which professes to record the discourses made in eulogy of Eros by a group of eminent speakers at a banquet in honour of the tragic poet Agathon—is to find the highest manifestation of the love which controls the world in the mystic aspiration after union with the eternal and supercosmic beauty. Unlike romantic love, in platonic love, you feel attracted by their inner self, personality, and character. It may take a lot to shake up a platonic relationship. " (180c, 8) – Plato's quoting of Phaedrus' eulogy on Eros. • And her diary reveals claims that her request for a purely platonic friendship had been loosely interpreted by Gerald. Platonic describes a relationship that is purely spiritual and not physical. Updates? Eventually, in time, with consequent steps up the ladder, the idea of beauty is eventually no longer connected with a body, but entirely united with Being itself. Pregnancy of the soul, the next step in the process, produces "virtue"—which is the soul (truth) translating itself into material form. The main argument may be summarized thus: eros, desirous love in all its forms, is a reaching out of the soul to a good to which it aspires but does not yet possess. " (187d, 17) - Eryximachus' "completion" of Pausanias' speech on Eros, Plato's Symposium defines two extremes in the process of platonic love; the entirely carnal and the entirely ethereal. Miller, P. A. Basically platonic love is an ideal kind of love where there’s no sexual desire. Duras and platonic love: The erotics of substitution. Throughout these eras platonic love slowly was categorized into different subsections, which were: There is a type of porosity that allows love to filter through one type and into the next, causing them to seep into and pass through each other. Thus, in common speech, platonic love means a supremely affectionate relationship between human beings in which sexual intercourse is neither desired nor practiced. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. "... what is good is beautiful, and what is beautiful is good ...", The Ladder of Love is named as such because it relates each step toward Being itself as consecutive rungs of a ladder. Definition of platonic love. Instead, it was a love that inspired nobler pursuits, and brought one closer to the divine. In this sense, it most often refers to a heterosexual relationship. Platonic describes a relationship that is purely spiritual and not physical. " "Platonic lovers function to underscore a supportive role where the friend sees her or his duty as the provision of advice, encouragement, and comfort to the other person ... and do not entail exclusivity.". Rojcewicz, R. (1997). (2013). Such a form of love is impossible for a mortal to achieve. If she describes the relationship as being platonic, most likely that's how she really views it. There is no need for a sexual connection. Its symbol would be the white rose. Platonic love as devised by Plato concerns rising through levels of closeness to wisdom and true beauty from carnal attraction to individual bodies to attraction to souls, and eventually, union with the truth. [clarification needed], Platonic love is examined in Plato's dialogue, the Symposium, which has as its topic the subject of love or Eros generally. platonic definition: 1. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. ", This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 11:58. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. However, these days the term “platonic relationship” is usually … Platonic love definition in English dictionary, Platonic love meaning, synonyms, see also 'Platonic solid',Platonic body',Platonically',plutonic'. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary 2 Secondly, a study by Hause and Messman[which?] The object which awakens this desirous love in all its forms is beauty, and beauty is eternal. They refer to the special bond of affection between two men Plato had highlighted in a dialogue, and exemplified by the affection between Socrates and his young male pupils, in particular to the one between Socrates and Alcibiades. The following signs will make it easier to identify a platonic love friendship. One of the complications of platonic love lies within the persistence of the use of the title itself "platonic love" versus the use of "friend". This is the type of love, that, according to Socrates, is practiced by animals. Platonic love is impossible to materialize or realize: that remains as something idyllic, which can never be achieved. Though Plato's discussions of love originally centered on relationships which were sexual and between members of the same sex, scholar Todd Reeser studies how the meaning of platonic love in Plato's original sense underwent a transformation during the Renaissance, leading to the contemporary sense of nonsexual heterosexual love.. By extension, it may be used to cover that stage of chivalrous or courtly love in which sexual intercourse is indefinitely postponed. , "Eros is ... a moment of transcendence ... in so far as the other can never be possessed without being annihilated in its status as the other, at which point both desire and transcendence would cease ... (84), In the Symposium, Eros is discussed as a Greek god—more specifically, the king of the gods, with each guest of the party giving a eulogy in praise of Eros. Platonic love can be sturdy, unwavering, and unfazed. , What Plato describes as "pregnancy of the body" is entirely carnal and seeks pleasure and beauty in bodily form only. The love described as the one practiced by those who are pregnant according to the soul, who partake of both the realm of beings and the realm of Being, who grasp Being indirectly, through the mediation of beings, would be a love that Socrates could practice. This was caused by Georgios Gemistos Plethon during the Councils of Ferrara and Firenze in 1438–1439. What about the fact that boys and girls can never be friends? From the Renaissance to the end of the 19th century, the term platonic love was also used as an occasional euphemism for homosexual love, in view of the comparatively tolerant attitude to such love discernible in Plato as well as in other Greek authors. Platonic love (often lower-cased as platonic love) is a type of love that is not sexual. The centre of philosophical interest lies in the discourse of Socrates, which he professes to have learned from the priestess Diotima of Mantinea. A … A romantic bond between a couple that involves no lust or carnality; often a deep pure love. Herrmann, F. (2013). It is derived from the concept in Plato's Symposium of the love of the idea of good which lies at the root of all virtue and truth. Platonic love is understood as a distance love, based on fantasy and idealization , where the object of love is the perfect being, which possesses all good qualities and without defects. Platonic love got its name from the Greek philosopher Plato who in his famous Symposium wrote about the meaning of love from different viewpoints. "Platonic love: dasein's urge toward being. All the surprises in the world could pop up, but this relationship may stay the same. If a guy and a girl hang out all the time but aren't boyfriend and girlfriend, they'd describe their friendship as platonic. This video is unavailable. Vulgar Eros is nothing but mere material attraction towards a beautiful body for physical pleasure and reproduction. So the expression does line up with what Plato says about love. states: "The most popular reasons for retaining a platonic relationship of the opposite sex (or sex of attraction) was to safeguard a relationship, followed by not attracted, network disapproval, third party, risk aversion, and time out." platonic expression of inclination or liking. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. "Duras and platonic love: The erotics of substitution. According to Science Daily, “Platonic love in its modern popular sense is an affectionate relationship into which the sexual element does not enter, … In the modern use it has generally been used to mean a non-romantic relationship between heterosexual opposite sex friends. Pausanias, in Plato's Symposium (181b–182a), explained two types of love or Eros—Vulgar Eros or earthly love and Divine Eros or divine love. On Ficin… In addition to being used to refer to a feeling, 'Platonic love 'It is also used to refer to the loved and idealized person who provokes this feeling. It may also be used to cover that stage of courtly love in which sexual intercourse is indefinitely postponed. How to use platonic in a sentence. One would be forever limited to beauty of the body, never being able to access the true essence of beauty. "Dynamics of vision in Plato's thought. Since the Cube is the most stable Platonic Solid and roots love to grow in the Earth, it strongly resonates with the Root Chakra. This concept of Divine Eros is later transformed into the term platonic love. Platonic love meant ideal sympathy ; it now means the love of a sentimental young gentleman for a woman he cannot or will not marry. The Symposium depicts Socrates as the type of the aspirant who has reached the goal of union and sets in sharp opposition to him the figure of Alcibiades, who has sold his spiritual birthright for the pleasures and ambitions of the world. In the Middle Ages arose a new interest in Plato, his philosophy and his view of love. The love between friends is platonic love. The English term dates back to William Davenant's The Platonic Lovers (performed in 1635); a critique of the philosophy of platonic love which was popular at Charles I's court. 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