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nz census ethnicity question

Posted on January 12th, 2021

Information in censuses may include residences, ages, birthplaces, family members and relationships, occupations, emigration dates and migration. [3], During the initial stages, three broad stakeholder groups were identified: government, users (for example, corporations that were interested in demographics change), and the general public. uuid:140be5fd-44ed-234a-9f4d-ee935cfbd6f8 People were counted by language in all censuses … should people still be asked whether they use fax machines, gender identity, e.g. [11] Arnold believes that large groups which might have had significant numbers of people missed out include people aged in their teens and early 20s, Māori and Pacific Islanders, and the elderly. [11] This is a particular issue in relation to data provided by Māori respondents, whose response rate is predicted to be as low as 70 or 80 percent. However, strictly speaking, New Zealander is a nationality not an ethnicity. In particular, the 1996 Census ethnicity question encouraged multiple ethnic affiliations in comparison to the 1991 Census question. Participants were informed that the discussions would be considered as an input to the final decision-making process, and 260 people participated in these discussions.Â. Northern Ireland. application/pdf The estimated resident population of the Māori ethnic group is based on the census usually resident population count of the Māori ethnic group with adjustments for Māori residents missed or counted more than once by the census (net census undercount), for Māori residents temporarily overseas on census night and for non-response to the census ethnicity question. We also received some negative feedback in our public testing of this question, indicating sensitivity to answering questions on this topic.”[6], Thus, a key concern was that collecting information on sexual orientation  in a self-completed questionnaire like the census would not produce good quality data. Ethnicity code tables For the national collections. In 2018, 64.2% of the population in Far North District identified their ethnicity as European. Loomio led workshops addressing these fears and developed strategies for mitigating risk, but ultimately this shows that there were conflicting tendencies regarding political commitment within the government and its various agencies. Census Ethnic05 V2 2018 CENSV2.0.0. [9], In this sense, although the process was more open and inclusive than previous approaches, there were limitations to stakeholder engagement. Furthermore, the success of the project in engaging the public through digital methods was seen to have had “flow-on effects” with other organisations. With the support of Loomio, they engaged in social media and online marketing and managed to recruit a much wider audience. Statistics New Zealand completed a review of the measurement of ethnicity in 2004. Information from the official census helps determine how billions of dollars of government funding are spent across the country. The process was piloted within the Stats NZ team before the public engagement process began. The agency's retrospective analysis observes that one of the project's strengths was that it created a “real buzz that the government was willing to engage in this way” and that the “gender diversity community (sic) were still talking about the project after the process”. In particular, there were problems in collecting data on the Māori population due to the primarily online execution of the census, which may have significant adverse effects on the representation of Māori and on resources for small and vulnerable groups. … Yet, most submissions during the engagement process favoured retaining the question as doing this will provide the data quality benefits of continuity and comparability over time. This question applies to all people in New Zealand on census night. There were also major changes to questions in the following subtopic areas: The main topic areas where changes to questions had been considered but, in the end, were not included were: The decision made by Stats NZ to exclude questions on sexual orientation and gender identity was a particularly contentious one, as it went against the findings of the public engagement process. c. Māori ancestry and descent PScript5.dll Version 5.2.2 [5], Stats NZ appointed a project manager to oversee and administer the process of public engagement, and one interviewee involved in the delivery of the project described how they employed younger and more tech-savvy people to support them. Furthermore, much of the information that government documentation and Stats NZ provided regarding their decision-making was written in dense prose, often inaccessible to the public. The 2014 census enumerated people by nationality. Morocco enumerated people by ethnicity in 1950 and 1971. You can go back to Q 2 also) I’m American/Canadian/South African/Irish (you’re an immigrant, back to question 2) _____ Notes: technically, NZ is bicultural, in other words, if you’re not Maori, you’re … [10], An individual from Loomio reported that political commitment was high for the public engagement process, and that -  despite the project's limited funding - those members of Stats NZ who were involved in the project displayed strong commitment by their willingness to try new things and by their responsiveness to Loomio's guidance. For a fuller discussion of ethnicity data in the population census over time see, for example, Brown 1983, Statistics New Zealand 1999, or the accompanying discussion paper ‘The politics and practice of counting’ (Cormack 2010) (available on the website www.ethnicity.maori.nz). Ethnicity … 1 0 obj <> endobj 121 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/Fields[]>> endobj 2 0 obj <>stream [5], [1] Statistics NZ use for Loomio, 2016, Loomio, Available at:  https://blog.loomio.org/2016/11/16/statistics-new-zealand-use-loomio-for-citizen-engagement/, [2] Counted out: anger as New Zealand census fails to tick all the boxes, Eleanor Ainge Roy, 6 March 2018, The Guardian, Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/mar/06/counted-out-anger-as-new-zealand-census-fails-to-tick-all-the-boxes, [3] Political Roundup: The Absolute Debacle of the 2018 Census, Bryce Edwards, 6 March 2019, New Zealand Herald, Available at: https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=12210123, [4] 2018 Census, 2015, Loomio, Available at: https://www.loomio.org/2018census/, [5] Retrospective Summary Stats NZ, 4 August 2015, Statistics NZ, [6] 2018 Census report on final content, July 2017, Statistics NZ, Available from: https://www.stats.govt.nz/methods/2018-census-report-on-final-content, [7] 2018 Census- Ethnicity, culture and identity, 2015, Loomio, Available at: https://www.loomio.org/d/cNUhrpJE/ethnicity, [8] NZ Census Update: September 2019 for the first release, Penny, 30 April 2019, id experts, Available at: https://blog.id.com.au/2019/population/new-zealand-population-census/nz-census-update-september-2019-for-the-first-release/, [9] Census 2018 Heads Should roll, incompetence reigns, Māori Council (press release), 17 December 2018, Scoop independent news, Available at: http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/PO1812/S00207/census-2018-heads-should-roll-incompetence-reigns.htm, [10] LGBT community slams Statistics New Zealand's “gross incompetence”, O'Driscoll, E, 4 July 2019, News Hub, Available at: https://www.newshub.co.nz/home/new-zealand/2018/01/lgbt-community-slams-statistics-new-zealand-s-gross-incompetence.html, [11] Political Roundup: Statistics NZ and a census failure of “epic proportions”, Edwards, B, 16 April 2019, New Zealand Herald, Available at: https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=12222855, Join our network to receive regular updates on the conversations we're having with government problem solvers, policy trends we're tracking, tools we've developed for people in public services and events where you'll find us talking about how to find new solutions to some of government's trickiest challenges, Building on our previous research around shared power, legitimacy, and experimentation, we present an emerging vision for the future of government, Insights from European cities' rapid and creative reactions to the pandemic, How the UK can respond to the COVID-19 Crisis, Prominent examples of regions and communities responding to economic downturns. [3] This could have significant impact on representation and resources for Māori, especially for small iwi. They are taken primarily for population studies, taxation, and military purposes. Many commenters felt that ‘New Zealand European' was an inadequate description and wanted a ‘New Zealander' response category. Stats NZ developed a public engagement initiative that included online engagement, offline workshops, and a formal submissions process of census questions, followed by two years of testing potential questions. The standard ethnicity question for the health and disability sector is the Stats NZ 2013 Census ethnicity question. The 2020 Census asked a series of questions about you and each person who lives with you. The final decisions regarding the 2018 census were made by Stats NZ, following the public engagement and formal submission period and subsequent testing. … ‘Subject population’ means the people, families, households, or dwellings to whom the variable applies. In their view, less meaningful data would be the result if a ‘New Zealander' response option was included.”[6] The implication of the last point was that it blurred the distinction between national and ethnic identity.Â, The final report provided the following reasons for its decision not to change questions on ethnicity. The public engagement process itself received positive feedback from the participants involved, one member of Loomio commenting that “individuals from the trans-community reported that although they recognised that the ultimate decisions were made by Stats NZ, they appreciated that efforts had been made to engage with them and that this represented the first time they felt the government were taking transgender issues seriously”. In preparation for the country's 2018 census, the agency identified that a fifth of the questions from the previous census in 2013 might need to be revised to ensure they were up-to-date and relevant to the needs of the public, government, and other stakeholders. Get statistics from the 2018 Census, information about how we produce it, and our strategy for collection and outputs. [3]Â, The 2018 Census has also been criticised for its failure to include Pākehā as an ethnic identity option, any questions on sexual orientation, and any questions that capture non-binary gender identity. However, data on ethnicity is usually output for the census usually resident subject population. Inadequate operational resourcing and staffing levels have been blamed for the low completion rate. Projects and research conducted with other government changemakers in our global network. How this data is classified. [3] Matthew Tukaki, Māori Council spokesperson has been quoted as saying that “this is a disgrace because the data runs the risk of telling a story that is neither accurate nor true. One report quotes an expert as saying that Māori risk losing an electoral seat and more than 20 new iwi will not be counted correctly, due to unreliable census data. The main findings of the review are: the continued need for collection of detailed ethnicity data ; that ethnicity be measured in a consistent way across all official statistics ; that the 2006 Census use the same ethnicity question as that used in the 2001 Census An internal assessment observes that “a larger proactive targeted campaign would have greatly benefited the process”. Note: In the 2006 Census… In the data collected, the non-heterosexual populations were smaller than the number of respondents who did not answer the question or indicated they preferred not to answer it. Where a respondent may not be able to fill in a form or questionnaire themselves Prior to the 2006 census, Statistics New Zealand decided to discontinue the practice of coding New Zealander-type responses into the New Zealand European category and code them as a … [8] The data has been delayed in part due to a low response rate, falling from 94.5 to 90 percent. New Zealand, 3% in a Pacific Island country and 7% in Asia). should there be a third gender option, and topics relating to smoking, drug use, and religion. Ethnicity should be collected using the standard ethnicity question that is used in the NZ Census and most official datasets.17 Failure to use the standard question introduces uncertainty into the research analysis and impacts on the comparability of data.16. The race categories in Mozambique were the same ones as in Angola, due to both being controlled by Portugal before acquiring their independence. Think what could happen if governments shared power to create positive outcomes for people? In 2001 the census reverted to the 1991 question, and this question was retained for the 2006 Census (Figure 2.1). It was a “digital first” census with citizens primarily expected to use the internet to answer the questions. The Loomio platform provided a link to the form, and advised participants that submitting a formal suggestion was the best way to influence decisions.Â. [3] The release of the results has been delayed three times, and they are expected to be released in September 2019. The term ‘national identity’ was less clear-cut for some participants. :�tg�؀���e�2K1+܏Ƈ�{�g4�JB��CTRj_���+ۮ\�[�P�}� �7�f��|�l�Zf'���\��GhxF�1�E�I(FDP�R��|[���V�}Ɋ@�QѸ��ao�jܾÐ+�h�{6��D��+*�s^�l�����c'1�Z�O��e�ô�Є�(g���pW�F����"N\���4@q�O���[R9�s�>#:&X�����=�wt��. [2][3], In late 2014, Stats NZ tested potential questions within their team. Information collected from a census question on gender identity would not enable us to output any population estimates on the populations of interest. The process involved filling in a form that could be submitted via the Stats NZ website, by email, or through paper submissions. Ethnicity is a measure of cultural affiliation. [1] However, as mentioned above, relying heavily on online technology produces its own barriers, and while the process did use offline workshops, they were described by an internal assessment as “too little, too late”. In this case, they felt that while they had managed to engage 260 members of the public in the process, they could have engaged thousands with greater resources and more time dedicated to recruitment. Where a respondent may not be able to fill in a form or questionnaire themselves due to This was the first time Stats NZ used an online approach as part of their public engagement, in which it was supported by Loomio, a cooperative social enterprise that had developed a platform designed for supporting discussion and decision-making. This would include the provision of hospitals, kohanga reo (kindergartens where lessons are conducted in Māori), schools, roads, public transport, and recreational facilities. 2009-12-15T16:36:15+13:00 [2][10] Social activist Aych McArdle commented: “If you don't count someone, you're almost saying they don't count”, and observed the importance of collecting this information for providing health and education services. with the ethnicity question and writes “New Zealander” in the space labeled “other”. [7]Â, As the final report explains, the majority of comments stated a dissatisfaction with the response options, claiming that they were insufficient and divisive. It will also examine issues that arise in monitoring Māori health and Part of this strategy included a technique called “snack media”. Following the public engagement process, Stats NZ carried out survey development work and testing, including cognitive testing of questions (cognitive tests are used to understand how respondents interpret questions and instructions), mass completion tests, and two large-scale pilots of the census. [5], One interviewee observed that, in their experience, governments frequently underestimate the costs and resources required for a public engagement process. Through the Stats NZ's existing mailing lists and social media, the team reached out to groups within the LGBTQ+ community, Māori, religious organisations, and other civic groups that would be particularly affected by proposed changes.Â, The Loomio discussions remained open for two months from 30 April to 30 June 2015. A majority were satisfied with the current format and wording of the census ethnicity question. There was concern within the organisation that traditional approaches to public engagement, such as town hall meetings, would only attract a small, unrepresentative portion of the population.Â, With these concerns in mind, the agency appointed a project manager and hired Loomio to support them in engaging the public online and in recruiting a wider and more diverse population of participants. 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